Poultry meat is safe to eat if it's been cooked to an internal temperature of F 74 C.
Eggs should be cooked until the yolks and whites are firm. The greatest risk factor for bird flu seems to be contact with sick birds or with surfaces contaminated by their feathers, saliva or droppings. The pattern of human transmission remains mysterious. In very few instances, bird flu has been transmitted from one human to another. But unless the virus begins to spread more easily among people, infected birds present the greatest hazard. Although bird flu may kill more than half the people it infects, the number of fatalities is still low because so few people have had bird flu.
Fewer than bird flu deaths have been reported to the World Health Organization since In contrast, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that seasonal influenza is responsible for thousands of deaths each year in the United States alone. The Food and Drug Administration has approved one vaccine to prevent infection with one strain of H5N1 bird flu virus. This vaccine isn't available to the public, but the U.
This vaccine could be used early in such an outbreak to provide limited protection until another vaccine — designed to protect against the specific form of the virus causing the outbreak — is developed and produced. Researchers continue to work on other types of bird flu vaccines. If you're traveling to Southeast Asia or to any region with bird flu outbreaks, consider these public health recommendations:.
Because heat destroys avian viruses, cooked poultry isn't a health threat. Even so, it's best to take precautions when handling and preparing poultry, which may be contaminated with salmonella or other harmful bacteria. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version.
Overview Bird flu is caused by a type of influenza virus that rarely infects humans. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter.
Questions and answers on avian influenza
Show references Avian and other zoonotic influenza. World Health Organization.
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- How bird flu spreads to humans.
- About the Disease;
Accessed Sept. Information on avian influenza. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Stephenson I.
Epidemiology, transmission, and pathogenesis of avian influenza. Bird flu avian flu. Human infections with novel avian influenza virus like Asian H5N1 are concerning because of this pandemic potential.
- Avian Flu - Background.
- Avian flu pandemic - SourceWatch;
- What Is Bird Flu?;
CDC takes routine public health preparedness measures whenever a virus with pandemic potential is identified. Because Asian H5N1 continues to circulate and has been responsible for a number of human infections, Asian H5 preparedness efforts have been extensive. Asian H5N1 vaccine is being stockpiled for pandemic preparedness by the United States government. Influenza Flu.
Avian influenza A(H7N9) virus
Section Navigation. Minus Related Pages. Sporadic human infections with Asian H5N1 virus have occurred in other countries, primarily in Asia and Africa.
Most human infections with Asian H5N1 viruses in other countries have occurred after prolonged and close contact with infected sick or dead birds. Health Care and Laboratorian Guidance.
Travelers to countries with known outbreaks of Asian H5N1 influenza should avoid poultry farms, contact with animals in live food markets, and any surfaces that appear to be contaminated with feces from poultry or other animals. As a general precaution, people should avoid wild birds and observe them only from a distance; avoid contact with domestic birds poultry that appear ill or have died; and avoid contact with surfaces that appear to be contaminated with feces from wild or domestic birds.
During your visit to an area affected by avian flu , seek medical care if you feel sick. People who have had contact with infected birds may also be given influenza antiviral drugs preventatively. Get Email Updates.
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